The bacteriaArthrobacter Globiformis belongs to the family Micrococcaceae, genus Arthrobacter. It was first identified as a type of bacteria by the scientist Conn in 1928. Arthrobacter Globiformis lives in soil, and it can greatly benefits the plants, animals and other living species by breaking down various chemicals which are harmful for lives, including agricultural chemicals, Chromium and other chemicals that can cause lung cancer or/and damage to the respiratory system. Arthrobacter Globiformis can reduce the level of hexavalent chromium in the soil, as well as other chemicals, herbicides and pesticides which can greatly damage both the plant and animal life in the ecosystem. Thus makes Arthrobacter Globiformis very helpful to many organisms in an ecosystem.
Fig. 1 Arthrobacter Globiformis
The Gram stain of Arthrobacter Globiformis is basically gram-negative, but it changes throughout the lifecycle. Arthrobacter Globiformis is pleomorphic, which makes it quite special. The newly formed Arthrobacter Globiformis is a bacillus and is lengthier and skinnier than its elder form. Thus it can show a negative Gram stain in the first 30 hours of its life. But the elder Arthrobacter Globiformis have a changed shape and become a Gram-positive one. It changes from a rod to a sphere shape. Catalyst test for Arthrobacter Globiformis will mostly appear positive, which means Arthrobacter Globiformis either contains O2 or lives with the presence of O2.
Arthrobacter Globiformis are usually obligate aerobes, which mean they require oxygen to perform the breaking down of macromolecules such as fat acids and carbs. Some forms of Arthrobacter Globiformis, however, have an anaerobic metabolism. These strains use a fermentation involving nitrate to digest foods with an anaerobic metabolism (or one that does not use oxygen). Most Arthrobacter Globiformis are heterotrophic, and they reproduce through the binary fission as well as most of the other bacteria. Arthrobacter Globiformis have a flagella (or bacteria tail) to help itself moving.
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