Breastfed 13 month-old infant of a mother with COVID-19 pneumonia: a case report
INTERNATIONAL BREASTFEEDING JOURNAL
Authors: Yu, Yuanyuan; Li, Youjiang; Hu, Yingying; Li, Bin; Xu, Jian
Background In China, mothers with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 pneumonia are recommended to stop breastfeeding. However, the evidence to support this guidance is lacking. There have been relatively few cases reported about direct breastfeeding an infant by a mother with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the safety of breastfeeding and the possible protective effects of breast milk on infants. Case presentation This report analyzes the case of a mother who continued breastfeeding her 13 month-old child when both were diagnosed with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia. We describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was determined in maternal serum, breast milk, nasopharyngeal (NP) swabs and feces, and in infant serum, NP swabs and feces. IgM and IgG antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were assessed in maternal serum and breast milk and in infant serum. SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was not detected in the breast milk, and antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were detected in the mother's serum and milk. Conclusions The present case further confirms that the possibility of mother-to-child transmission about SARS-CoV-2 via breast milk alone was very small, and breast milk is safe for direct feeding of infants.
False-positive SARS-CoV-2 serology in 3 children with Kawasaki disease
DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Authors: To, Kelvin K. W.; Chua, Gilbert T.; Kwok, Ka Li; Wong, Joshua S. C.; Au, Dennis Chi Yu; Lam, Yuen Yu; Wong, Wilfred H. S.; Ho, Marco H. K.; Chan, Godfrey C. F.; Chui, Celine S. L.; Li, Xue; Tung, Keith T. S.; Wong, Rosa S.; Tso, Winnie W. Y.; Wong, Ian C. K.; Wong, Christina S. M.; Fong, Carol H. Y.; Chan, Kwok Hung; Yuen, Kwok Yung; Ip, Patrick; Kwan, Mike Y. W.
Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile and eruptive disease with systemic vasculitis predominantly affecting young East Asian children. Recent reports showed that children with KD-like disease from KD low prevalence regions had positive SARS-CoV-2 serology despite a negative SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in respiratory samples. Objectives: To describe 3 pediatric Kawasaki Disease patients with false positive SARS-CoV-2 serology. Study design: We retrospectively recruited children with KD diagnosed during the COVID-19 outbreak in Hong Kong. Clinical characteristics and laboratory test results including SARS-CoV-2 PCR results were retrieved. We performed a microparticle-based immunoassay for the detection of IgG against nucleoprotein (NP) and spike protein receptor binding domain (RBD), and a microneutralization assay for the detection of neutralizing antibodies. Results: Three Chinese children with typical KD were identified. They had no epidemiological links with COVID-19 patients and tested negative for SARS-CoV-2 NPA PCR. Theywere treated with IVIG and aspirin, and were discharged without complications. Subsequently 2 of them were tested positive against anti-RBD and anti-NP antibodies and 1 was tested positive against anti- RBD antibodies. However, microneutralization assay showed that neutralizing antibodies were absent, suggesting a false-positive IgG result. Conclusion: Detection of neutralizing antibodies is recommended to confirm previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in IgGpositive but PCR-negative patients. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.