Improving post-CRT neck assessment in patients with HPV-associated OPSCC (Review)
MOLECULAR AND CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
Authors: Wotman, Michael; Ghaly, Maged; Massaro, Luke; Tham, Tristan; Seetharamu, Nagashree; Kamdar, Dev; Frank, Douglas; Kraus, Dennis; Teckie, Sewit
The positive predictive value (PPV) of 12-week post-therapy FDG-PET/CT is low in patients with Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) after treatment with definitive chemoradiation (CRT). Moreover, the diagnostic performance of post-CRT fine needle aspiration (FNA) in detecting persistent disease is unknown in this population. Given these important shortcomings in post-CRT treatment assessment, head and neck oncologists are limited in appropriately selecting patients for consolidative neck dissection, which results in over-treatment of a favorable risk population. Using the PubMed database, we performed a literature review of published series in HPV-associated OPSCC to investigate potential strategies for improvement of post-CRT neck assessment. Several different approaches were found, including continued surveillance with PET/CT, delayed timing of restaging PET/CT, initial response evaluation with multimodality or alternative imaging, and detection of circulating HPV DNA. At present, the optimal approach to post-CRT treatment assessment is unclear; further investigation and incorporation of new technologies and surveillance protocols will be highly beneficial for patients with HPV-associated OPSCC.
Association of human papillomavirus vaccination with exposure to dental or medical visits
JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH DENTISTRY
Authors: Shukla, Anubhuti; McKenna, Maria; Hayes, Catherine; Klevens, Ruth Monina
Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with oropharyngeal cancers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that >15,000 new cases of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers are diagnosed in the United States annually. We evaluated an association between HPV vaccination and dental visits in the previous year. Methods Data were analyzed from the 2012, 2014, and 2016 Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MA-BRFSS) datasets. We created four categories of exposures to healthcare services in the past 12 months: a) both medical and dental visits, b) medical visit only, c) dental visit only, d) neither. Outcomes were HPV vaccination ever or influenza vaccination within the past 12 months. Logistic regression, controlled for race and education, was used to measure the association between medical/dental visits and vaccination status. Separate models were generated by sex. Results Crude and adjusted odds ratio of influenza and HPV vaccination were highest among males and females with both medical and dental visits. Women with both medical and dental provider visits had 3.7 times higher odds of being vaccinated for influenza and 1.7 times higher odds of being vaccinated for HPV. There were no differences in crude or adjusted odds among both males and females if the type of healthcare visits were only medical or only dental. Conclusion No difference in association between vaccination and medical or dental healthcare exposures suggests that oral health professionals might partner in promotion of positive health behaviors, including HPV vaccination. The type of provider did not affect the outcome as per this study.