Rabbit IgG Isotype Control Antibody (Low Endotoxin, Azide-Free) (DAG-IC254) Functional Grade

Rabbit IgG Isotype Control Antibody (Low Endotoxin, Azide-Free) for FC, ELISA, FLISA

Specifications


Host Species
Rabbit
Antibody Isotype
IgG
Species Reactivity
N/A
Conjugate
Functional Grade

Applications


Application Notes
FC, ELISA, FLISA
*Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.

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References


Update in Pediatric Diagnostic Microbiology

CLINICS IN LABORATORY MEDICINE

Authors: Dunn, James J.; Revell, Paula A.

Infants and young children are uniquely susceptible to primary viral and bacterial infections, predisposing them to responses of greater frequency and severity than in adults. Etiologies and manifestations of infections in pediatric patients are often different than those in adults. It can be challenging for clinical laboratories to implement appropriate microbiologic methods for rapid and accurate diagnoses in this population. Laboratorians should be cognizant of the distinctive features of children to provide comprehensive pediatric clinical microbiology services. This article discusses laboratory aspects of several clinically significant pediatric pathogens that cause severe harm to patients and impact public health responses.

Detecting antibodies to Leishmania infantum in horses from areas with different epizooticity levels of canine leishmaniosis and a retrospective revision of Italian data

PARASITES & VECTORS

Authors: Gazzonis, Alessia Libera; Bertero, Filippo; Moretta, Iolanda; Morganti, Giulia; Mortarino, Michele; Villa, Luca; Zanzani, Sergio Aurelio; Morandi, Benedetto; Rinnovati, Riccardo; Vitale, Fabrizio; Manfredi, Maria Teresa; Cardoso, Luis; Veronesi, Fabrizia

Background Leishmania infantum is a vector-borne pathogen endemic in countries in the Mediterranean basin, including Italy. Dogs act as the primary reservoir for this parasite, but other animal species may also be infected. Low-to-moderate seroprevalence levels of infection have been reported in apparent healthy equine populations in southern Europe, reinforcing the importance of exploring those species, including horses, that act as a food source for vectors and may thus participate in the epizoological scenario of canine leishmaniosis (CanL) and zoonotic visceral leishmaniosis (ZVL). Since little is known regarding the exposure to L. infantum in horses in Italy, we assessed the seroprevalence in healthy equine populations from different CanL endemic areas. Methods The survey was conducted on 660 apparently healthy horses distributed throughout central and northern regions of Italy between 2016 and 2019. Blood samples were collected and the presence of anti-Leishmania antibodies (IgG) was investigated by the immunofluorescence antibody test. Information on the location and altitude of the stables, along with the horses' breed, age, sex, and reproductive status was obtained by filling in a questionnaire. This was then used for statistical analysis by generalized linear models to explore risk factors associated with seroreactivity to L. infantum. Results An average seroprevalence of 13.9% was detected for L. infantum in the equine populations investigated, with statistically significant associations between seroprevalence, geographical variables (northern vs central Italy, origin and altitude) and individual factors (i.e. age and breed morphotype). Conclusions Our results highlight that horses are frequently exposed to L. infantum. Further prevalence surveys in horses, also using direct methods (e.g. PCR), are warranted to clarify the role of these hosts in the epidemiology of Leishmania in Italy.

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