Proteome analysis of testis from infertile protein C inhibitor-deficient mice reveals novel changes in serpin processing and prostaglandin metabolism
Authors: Yang, Hanjiang; Wahlmueller, Felix Christof; Uhrin, Pavel; Baumgartner, Roland; Mitulovic, Goran; Sarg, Bettina; Geiger, Margarethe; Zellner, Maria
Serine protease inhibitors (serpin) have therapeutic potential in a variety of pathogenic processes, ranging from thrombosis and altered immune response to liver cirrhosis. To investigate the physiological effects of protein C inhibitor (PCI, serpinA5), its gene was inactivated in a mouse model, resulting in male infertility. In the present report, 2D differential gel electrophoresis was utilized to investigate the molecular mechanisms for PCI involvement in male reproduction. Comparing the testes proteomes of three PCI-knockout mice with three wild types demonstrated similar patterns with the exception of amassive upregulation of prostaglandin reductase 1 (tenfold; p < 0.002) and the complete shifts in the molecular weights of serpinA1C and serpinA3K. All these PCI-dependent proteome changes were immunologically verified. Unbiased proteome analysis indicated that inactivation of serpinA5 strongly influenced both the protein species pattern of other A-clade serpins as well as prostaglandin metabolism in the testes.
Genetic variants in SERPINA4 and SERPINA5, but not BCL2 and SIK3 are associated with acute kidney injury in critically ill patients with septic shock
Authors: Vilander, Laura M.; Kaunisto, Mari A.; Vaara, Suvi T.; Pettila, Ville
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a multifactorial syndrome, but knowledge about its pathophysiology and possible genetic background is limited. Recently the first hypothesis-free genetic association studies have been published to explore individual susceptibility to AKI. We aimed to replicate the previously identified associations between five candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in apoptosis-related genes BCL2, SERPINA4, SERPINA5, and SIK3 and the development of AKI, using a prospective cohort of critically ill patients with sepsis/ septic shock, in Finland. Methods: This is a prospective, observational multicenter study. Of 2567 patients without chronic kidney disease and with genetic samples included in the Finnish Acute Kidney Injury (FINNAKI) study, 837 patients had sepsis and 627 patients had septic shock. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria, considering stages 2 and 3 affected (severe AKI), stage 0 unaffected, and stage 1 indecisive. Genotyping was done using iPLEX (TM) Assay (Agena Bioscience). The genotyped SNPs were rs8094315 and rs12457893 in the intron of the BCL2 gene, rs2093266 in the SERPINA4 gene, rs1955656 in the SERPINA5 gene and rs625145 in the SIK3 gene. Association analyses were performed using logistic regression with PLINK software. Results: We found no significant associations between the SNPs and severe AKI in patients with sepsis/ septic shock, even after adjustment for confounders. Among patients with septic shock (252 with severe AKI and 226 without AKI (149 with KDIGO stage 1 excluded)), the SNPs rs2093266 and rs1955656 were significantly (odds ratio 0.63, p = 0.04276) associated with stage 2-3 AKI after adjusting for clinical and demographic variables. Conclusions: The SNPs rs2093266 in the SERPINA4 and rs1955656 in the SERPINA5 were associated with the development of severe AKI (KDIGO stage 2-3) in critically ill patients with septic shock. For the other SNPs, we did not confirm the previously reported associations.