Effects of a multidisciplinary team-led school-based human papillomavirus vaccination health-promotion programme on improving vaccine acceptance and uptake among female adolescents A cluster randomized controlled trial
Authors: Chau, Janita Pak Chun; Lo, Suzanne Hoi Shan; Choi, Kai Chow; Lee, Vivian Wing Yan; Lui, Grace Chung Yan; Chan, Kam Ming; Lau, Alexander Yuk Lun
Introduction: Evidence has consistently shown the high efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines in preventing cervical cancers. However, the HPV vaccine uptake rate in Hong Kong is very low. We will develop and evaluate an innovative, theory-based multidisciplinary team-led school-based HPV vaccination health-promotion program (MDL-SHPVP), engaging female adolescents, parents/guardians, and secondary school personnel in multicomponent educational strategies and interactive discussions. Methods and analysis: A cluster randomized controlled trial is proposed. We will recruit 2520 female adolescents and their parents/guardians from 18 secondary day schools. The MDL-SHPVP is underpinned by the Health Belief Model and Precaution Adoption Process Model. Multicomponent interventions will be offered, including education sessions with small group dialogues with a registered nurse and trained healthcare and lay volunteers, and educational computer games. A team of volunteers will be established to raise HPV, cervical cancer, and HPV vaccine awareness. Outcomes include adolescents' uptake of the HPV vaccine, adolescents' intention to receive HPV vaccination, vaccine acceptance among parents/guardians, and parents'/guardians' and adolescents' HPV knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. Data will be collected at baseline, 1 month, and 1 year after intervention. The generalized estimating equations analysis will be used for comparing the outcomes between the 2 groups. Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval was obtained from the Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong-New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee (Ref. no.: 2019.055). We will disseminate the study findings via peer-reviewed publications and presentations at relevant events and international and local conferences.
Acquired Human Papilloma Virus Type 6-Associated Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis in a Patient With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOPATHOLOGY
Authors: Ferronika, Paranita; Sijmons, Rolf H.; Febiyanto, Novian; Radiono, Sunardi; Widodo, Irianiwati
Although historically known as a genetic disorder, epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) might be acquired in patients with a noninherited defective cell-mediated immunity. This article reports a case of EV in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and a history of 3 years immunosuppressive methylprednisolone treatment. The microscopic features of the skin biopsy showed morphologic changes of the keratinocytes characteristic of human papilloma virus (HPV) infections and immunoreactivity to p16. HPV genotyping demonstrated the presence of HPV 6 which belongs to a low-risk mucosal HPV group and has not been reported in EV previously. The clinical recognition of EV in immunocompromised patients and subsequent HPV typing is important because some patients will develop squamous cell carcinoma.