Contents of Kit
1. Capture Antibody (yellow): 0.5 ml of polyclonal affinity purified anti-FV antibody for coating plates.
2. Detecting Antibody (red): 0.5 ml of polyclonal anti-FV antibody for detection of captured FV.
Note: Reagents are sufficient for at least 5×96 well plates using recommended protocols. Antibodies are supplied in a 50% (v/v) glycerol solution for storage at –10 to -20°C. Keep vials tightly capped. Do not store in frost-free freezers.
Factor V (formerly referred to as accelerator globulin and labile factor) is a large glycoprotein (320 kDa) that is produced in the liver. The gene that encodes factor V (F.V) is located on chromosome 1. A congenital deficiency of F.V is a hemorrhagic disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive disease. The concentration of F.V in plasma is typically 10 μg/ml. F.V is a pro-cofactor that is activated through limited proteolysis by thrombin, or by activated factor X in the presence of phospholipid surface. Other physiologic activators of F.V include plasmin, neutrophil elastase and platelet calpain. The activated cofactor (F.Va) is an essential component of the prothrombin activator complex, which consists of F.Va, activated factor X, calcium and anionic phospholipid surface. The intact prothrombinase complex activates prothrombin to thrombin at a rate 300,000-fold greater than activated factor X alone. In a positive feedback loop, the thrombin generated accelerates its own generation by activating more F.V to F.Va. Thrombin also acts to down-regulate F.Va indirectly by activating Protein C, which inactivates F.Va cofactor activity.