Mouse CD70/TNFSF7/cd27L ELISA Kit (DEIABL586)

Regulatory status: For research use only, not for use in diagnostic procedures.

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Size
96T
Sample
cell culture supernates, cell lysates, serum, heparin plasma, EDTA plasma
Species Reactivity
Mouse
Intended Use
Sandwich High Sensitivity ELISA kit for Quantitative Detection of Mouse CD70/TNFSF7/cd27L.
Storage
Store at 4°C for 6 months, at -20°C for 12 months. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles(Shipped with wet ice.)
Detection Range
31.2pg/ml-2000pg/ml
Sensitivity
<10pg/ml

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References


Human genetics of infectious diseases: Unique insights into immunological redundancy

SEMINARS IN IMMUNOLOGY

Authors: Casanova, Jean-Laurent; Abel, Laurent

For almost any given human-tropic virus, bacterium, fungus, or parasite, the clinical outcome of primary infection is enormously variable, ranging from asymptomatic to lethal infection. This variability has long been thought to be largely determined by the germline genetics of the human host, and this is increasingly being demonstrated to be the case. The number and diversity of known inborn errors of immunity is continually increasing, and we focus here on autosomal and X-linked recessive traits underlying complete deficiencies of the encoded protein. Schematically, four types of infectious phenotype have been observed in individuals with such deficiencies, each providing information about the redundancy of the corresponding human gene, in terms of host defense in natural conditions. The lack of a protein can confer vulnerability to a broad range of microbes in most, if not all patients, through the disruption of a key immunological component. In such cases, the gene concerned is of low redundancy. However, the lack of a protein may also confer vulnerability to a narrow range of microbes, sometimes a single pathogen, and not necessarily in all patients. In such cases, the gene concerned is highly redundant. Conversely, the deficiency may be apparently neutral, conferring no detectable predisposition to infection in any individual. In such cases, the gene concerned is completely redundant. Finally, the lack of a protein may, paradoxically, be advantageous to the host, conferring resistance to one or more infections. In such cases, the gene is considered to display beneficial redundancy. These findings reflect the current state of evolution of humans and microbes, and should not be considered predictive of redundancy, or of a lack of redundancy, in the distant future. Nevertheless, these observations are of potential interest to present-day biologists testing immunological hypotheses experimentally and physicians managing patients with immunological or infectious conditions.

The CD27-CD70 pathway and pathogenesis of autoimmune disease

SEMINARS IN ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM

Authors: Han, Bobby Kwanghoon; Olsen, Nancy J.; Bottaro, Andrea

Objective: To critically examine current evidence regarding the role of the CD27-CD70 pathway in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease with a focus on understanding the contributions of this pathway as a potential new therapeutic target for systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: A PubMed search for articles was conducted using the following key words: ("CD27" OR "CD70") AND ("autoimmune disease" OR "systemic lupus erythematosus" OR "rheumatoid arthritis"). The search was limited to publications in English and included human and animal studies. The reference lists of identified articles were searched for further relevant citations. Publications on the list that was developed by this approach were assessed and those with relevance to CD27-CD70 pathway mediated pathophysiology in autoimmune disease were chosen for the detailed review.. Results: Data from human diseases and animal models document a major role for the CD27-CD70 receptor-ligand pair in providing signals that regulate T and B lymphocyte activation. The membrane receptor CD27 and its soluble form (sCD27) transmit co-stimulatory signals and induce activation and proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. CD70-expressing CD4 T lymphocytes are increased in autoimmune disease including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis and have been shown to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines. At the same time, preclinical evidence suggests that the outcome of CD27-CD70 signals may vary qualitatively between cell subsets and differentiation stages, especially for B lymphocytes. Blockade of the CD27-CD70 pathway has been shown to ameliorate disease manifestations in animal models including murine collagen-induced arthritis and experimental colitis. Conclusion: Current evidence from animal models and human diseases suggests that CD27-CD70 pathway contributes to the pathophysiology of autoimmunity. Although a number of basic questions still remain open, the available findings suggest that targeting the components of this pathway could provide useful and novel therapeutic interventions. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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