HIV type 1 P24 [His] (DAG2377)

HIV type 1 P24 [His], recombinant protein from E. coli Datasheet

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Product Overview
C-terminal 6xHis tagged HIV-1/clade C p24 protein
Nature
Recombinant
Tag/Conjugate
His
Purity
≥ 95%
Format
Each vial contains 100 μg of lyophilized protein in PBS.
Concentration
1 mg/ml
Storage
2-8°C short term, -20°C long term
Introduction
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (slowly replicating retrovirus) that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells.
Antigen Description
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be divided into two major types, HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and HIV type 2 (HIV-2). HIV-1 is related to viruses found in chimpanzees and gorillas living in western Africa. HIV-2 is related to viruses found in sooty mangabeys. HIV-1 viruses may be further divided into groups. The HIV-1 group M viruses predominate and are responsible for the AIDS pandemic. Some of the HIV-1 group M subtypes are known to be more virulent or are resistant to different medications. HIV-2 viruses are thought to be less virulent and transmissible than HIV-1 M group viruses. Gag protein from HIV-1 is a polyprotein, which, during viral maturation, is cleaved to release matrix p17, core p24 and nucleocapsid proteins. Capsid protein p24 forms the conical core that encapsulates the genomic RNA-nucleocapsid complex in the virion. Most core are conical, with only 7% tubular. The core is constituted by capsid protein hexamer subunits. The core is dissassembled soon after virion entry. The p24 antigen contains epitopes that prime helper CD4 T-cells, which have been demonstrated to be protective and it can elicit lymphocyte proliferation. p24 is likely to be an integral part of any multicomponent HIV vaccine.
Keywords
CA; Capsid protein p24; Human immunodeficiency virus 1; Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 p24; HIV1 p24

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