Tetravalent dengue DIIIC protein together with alum and ODN elicits a Th1 response and neutralizing antibodies in mice
Authors: Zuest, Roland; Valdes, Iris; Skibinski, David; Lin, Yufang; Toh, Ying Xiu; Chan, Katherine; Hermida, Lisset; Connolly, John; Guillen, Gerardo; Fink, Katja
Dengue disease is a global challenge for healthcare systems particularly during outbreaks, and millions of dollars are spent every year for vector control. An efficient and safe vaccine that is cost-effective could resolve the burden that dengue virus imposes on affected countries. We describe here the immunogenicity of a tetravalent formulation of a recombinant fusion protein consisting of E domain III and the capsid protein of dengue serotypes 1-4 (Tetra DIIIC). E domain III is an epitope for efficient neutralizing antibodies while the capsid protein contains T cell epitopes. Besides combining B and T cell epitopes, Tetra DIIIC is highly immunogenic due to its aggregate form and a two-component adjuvant. Following previous studies assessing the monovalent DIIIC formulations, we addressed here the quality and breadth of the T cell- and antibody response of Tetra DIIIC in mice. Tetra DIIIC induced a Th1-type response against all four DENV serotypes and dengue-specific antibodies were predominantly IgG1 and IgG2a and neutralizing, while the induction of neutralizing antibodies was dependent on IFN signaling. Importantly, the Th1 and IgG1/IgG2a profile of the DIIIC vaccine approach is similar to an efficient natural anti-dengue response. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Long-Term Protection Elicited by a DNA Vaccine Candidate Expressing the prM-E Antigen of Dengue Virus Serotype 3 in Mice
FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY
Authors: Feng, Kaihao; Zheng, Xiaoyan; Wang, Ran; Gao, Na; Fan, Dongying; Sheng, Ziyang; Zhou, Hongning; Chen, Hui; An, Jing
Dengue virus (DENV) is the causative agent of dengue, and its incidence has increased 30-fold in the past five decades. Among the four cocirculating serotypes, DENV3 is associated with an increased number of severe infections and has become widespread. Vaccination is the mainstay of prevention in reducing disease burden. Previously, the protective efficacy of DNA vaccine candidates toward DENV1, 2, and 4 was confirmed in mice. In this study, a DNA vaccine candidate (pVAX1-D3ME) expressing the prM and E proteins of DENV3 was constructed, and then the immunogenicity and protection were assessed in mice to further develop a tetravalent dengue vaccine. Moreover, the cross-reactive immune responses against the other three serotypes were investigated. The results showed that three doses of 50 mu g of pVAX1-D3ME were sufficient to induce strong antigen-specific T cell responses and robust and consistent neutralizing antibodies. Additionally, immunization with pVAX1-D3ME offered protective immunity against not only DENV3 but also the other three serotypes, which could be observed even after 12 months. This study shows great promise for the further evaluation of a dengue tetravalent DNA vaccine candidate in large animal models, including non-human primates.