Recombinant Chikungunya E1 (Mutant, A226V) (DAGA-160)

Chikungunya E1 (Mutant, A226V), Recombinant protein from Insect cells.

Product Overview
Recombinant Chikungunya Mutant (A226V) E1 produced in Insect Cells is a polypeptide chain containing amino acids 1-415, however at position 226 the Alanine of the wild-type CHIKV E1 gene was mutated to Valine. The molecular weight of the CHIKV Mutant is approximately 50kDa. The E1 protein is C-terminal part of E2-6K-E1 protein region. CHIKV Mutant is purified by proprietary chromatographic technique.
Nature
Recombinant
Tag/Conjugate
Unconjugated
Alternative Names
CHIKV; Chikungunya Virus; Chikungunya E1; Chikungunya E2; CHIKV E1; CHIKV E2
Procedure
5mM EDTA
Purity
Protein is>95% pure as determined by 12.5% SDS-PAGE.
Format
Sterile filtered colorless solution.
Concentration
Batch dependent - please inquire should you have specific requirements.
Size
2µg, 10µg, 1mg
Buffer
CHIKV Mutant protein solution in 1xD-PBS, pH7.4, 0.1% Thimerosal, 5mM EDTA, 1µg/ml of Leupeptin, Aprotinin and Pepstatin A.
Preservative
None
Storage
Store at 4°C if entire vial will be used within 2-4 weeks. Store, frozen at -20°C for longer periods of time.
Antigen Description
Chikungunya is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus. The disease features the sudden onset of fever two to four days after exposure. The fever usually lasts two to seven days, while accompanying joint pains typically last weeks or months but sometimes years. The mortality rate is a little less than 1 in 1,000; the elderly or those with underlying chronic medical problems are most likely to have severe complications.
Keywords
CHIKV;Chikungunya Virus;Chikungunya E1;Chikungunya E2;CHIKV E1;CHIKV E2

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References


Chikungunya virus inhibition by synthetic coumarin-guanosine conjugates

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY

Authors: Hwu, Jih Ru; Huang, Wen-Chieh; Lin, Shu-Yu; Tan, Kui-Thong; Hu, Yu-Chen; Shieh, Fa-Kuen; Bachurin, Sergey O.; Ustyugov, Alexey; Tsay, Shwu-Chen

Since its discovery in Tanganyika, Africa in 1952, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreaks have occurred in Africa, Asia, Europe, and America. Till now chikungunya fever has spread in nearly 40 countries. Because of lack of effective vaccines and antiviral drugs to intervene this disease, 21 new conjugated compounds were designed and synthesized by coupling of 6,8-dithioguanosine at its C-6 position with 3-(chloromethyl)coumarins bearing an F, Cl, Br, Me, or -OMe substituent through the -SCH2- joint. Meanwhile, an organic "dummy" ligand (e.g., methyl, benzyl, and naphthylmethyl) or a coumarinyl moiety was attached at the C-8 position. By high through-put screening, three of these new conjugates were found to inhibit CHIKV in Vero cells with significant potency (EC50 = 9.9-13.9 mu M) and showed low toxicity (CC50 = 96.5-212 mu M). The selectivity index values were 9.37-21.7. Their structure-activity relationship was deduced, which indicates that the coumarin moiety is essential and the presence of a -OMe group enhances the antiviral activity. (C) 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Mosquito-Borne Viruses and Insect-Specific Viruses Revealed in Field-Collected Mosquitoes by a Monitoring Tool Adapted from a Microbial Detection Array

APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY

Authors: Martin, Estelle; Borucki, Monica K.; Thissen, James; Garcia-Luna, Selene; Hwang, Mona; de Valdez, Megan Wise; Jaing, Crystal J.; Hamer, Gabriel L.; Frank, Matthias

Several mosquito-borne diseases affecting humans are emerging or re-emerging in the United States. The early detection of pathogens in mosquito populations is essential to prevent and control the spread of these diseases. In this study, we tested the potential applicability of the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array (LLMDA) to enhance biosurveillance by detecting microbes present in Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, and Culex mosquitoes, which are major vector species globally, including in Texas. The sensitivity and reproducibility of the LLMDA were tested in mosquito samples spiked with different concentrations of dengue virus (DENY), revealing a detection limit of >100 but <1,000 PFU/ml. Additionally, field-collected mosquitoes from Chicago, IL, and College Station, TX, of known infection status (West Nile virus (WNV) and Culex flavivirus (CxFLAVJ positive) were tested on the LLMDA to confirm its efficiency. Mosquito field samples of unknown infection status, collected in San Antonio, TX, and the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV), TX, were run on the LLMDA and further confirmed by PCR or quantitative PCR (qPCR). The analysis of the field samples with the LLMDA revealed the presence of cellfusing agent virus (CFAV) in A. aegypti populations. Wolbachia was also detected in several of the field samples (A. albopictus and Culex spp.) by the LLMDA. Our findings demonstrated that the LLMDA can be used to detect multiple arboviruses of public health importance, including viruses that belong to the Flavivirus, Alphavirus, and Orthoburiyavirus genera. Additionally, insect-specific viruses and bacteria were also detected in field-collected mosquitoes. Another strength of this array is its ability to detect multiple viruses in the same mosquito pool, allowing for the detection of cocirculating pathogens in an area and the identification of potential ecological associations between different viruses. This array can aid in the biosurveillance of mosquito-borne viruses circulating in specific geographical areas. IMPORTANCE Viruses associated with mosquitoes have made a large impact on public and veterinary health. In the United States, several viruses, including WNV, DENY, and chikungunya virus (CHIKV), are responsible for human disease. From 2015 to 2018, imported Zika cases were reported in the United States, and in 2016 to 2017, local Zika transmission occurred in the states of Texas and Florida. With globalization and a changing climate, the frequency of outbreaks linked to arboviruses will increase, revealing a need to better detect viruses in vector populations. With the capacity of the LLMDA to detect viruses, bacteria, and fungi, this study highlights its ability to broadly screen field-collected mosquitoes and contribute to the surveillance and management of arboviral diseases.

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