Rat transferrin reference serum (DAGA-704)

Rat transferrin reference serum, native protein

Specificity
Rat
Nature
Native
Tag/Conjugate
Unconjugated
Alternative Names
Rat; Transferrin; Serum
Procedure
None
Format
Liquid
Concentration
Batch dependent - please inquire should you have specific requirements
Size
1ml
Preservative
0.1% Sodium Azide
Storage
Frozen -20°C
Antigen Description
Transferrins are iron-binding blood plasma glycoproteins that control the level of free iron (Fe) in biological fluids. Human transferrin is encoded by the TF gene.Transferrin glycoproteins bind iron tightly, but reversibly. Although iron bound to transferrin is less than 0.1% (4 mg) of total body iron, it forms the most vital iron pool with the highest rate of turnover (25 mg/24 h). Transferrin has a molecular weight of around 80 KDa and contains two specific high-affinity Fe(III) binding sites. The affinity of transferrin for Fe(III) is extremely high (association constant is 1020 M−1 at pH 7.4),but decreases progressively with decreasing pH below neutrality.
Keywords
Rat;Transferrin;Serum

Citations


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References


Errors in modeling misrepresent the utility of the enhanced liver fibrosis test in the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY

Authors: Tanwar, Sudeep; Srivastava, Ankur; Rosenberg, William

Shenmai Injection Upregulates Heme Oxygenase-1 to Confer Protection Against Severe Acute Pancreatitis

JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH

Authors: Zhang, Fei-hu; Liu, Yang; Dong, Xiao-bin; Hao, Hao; Fan, Kai-liang; Meng, Xian-qing; Kong, Li

Background: To explore the mechanism of Shenmai injection (SMI) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) through heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling. Methods: A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (220-260 g) were grouped into the following four categories (n = 10): SAP + SMI + Zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), SAP + SMI, SAP, and sham surgery groups. ZnPP is a specific inhibitor of HO-1. Four percent of sodium taurocholate (1 mL/kg) was retrogradely injected via the pancreatic duct to induce the SAP model. The SAP group rats received 1.6 mL/kg saline by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI group rats received 1.6 mL/kg SMI by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI + ZnPP group rats received an intravenous injection of 1.6 mL/kg SMI and intraperitoneal administration of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 30 min after the SAP induction. Twenty-four hours after the SAP induction, blood samples were collected for the measurement of amylase, lipase, creatinine, myeloperoxidase, interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and HO-1 level, while tissue specimens were harvested for the determination of HO-1, TNF-alpha, and IL-10 mRNA level. Meanwhile, histopathological changes in organs (pancreas, lung, and kidney) were stored. Results: The serum concentration of amylase, lipase, creatinine, and myeloperoxidase was higher in the SAP group than in the SAP + SMI group. Treatment with SMI increased HO-1 and IL-10 level and reduced TNF-alpha level in serumand tissues compared to the SAP group (P<0.05). Treatment with SMI abolished the organ-damaging effects of SAP (P < 0.05). Furthermore, suppression of HO-1 expression by ZnPP canceled the aforementioned effects. Conclusions: SMI confers protection against the SAP-induced systemic inflammatory response and multiple organs damage via HO-1 upregulation. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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