Study and optimization of flow field in a novel cyclone separator with inner cylinder
ADVANCED POWDER TECHNOLOGY
Authors: Duan, Jihai; Gao, Shun; Lu, Yuanchun; Wang, Weiwen; Zhang, Pan; Li, Chaojie
This paper presents a study of gas-solid flow in a novel cyclone separator with inner cylinder, compared with that in a conventional cyclone. The Reynolds stress model (RSM) is used to simulate fluid flow, and the discrete phase model (DPM) is selected to describe the motion behavior of particles. The experimental data measured by particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to verify the reliability of the numerical model. The results show that in the novel cyclone, the cleaned gas can be quickly discharged from the vortex finder, the movement distance and residence time of fine particles are prolonged, the short-circuit flow and vertical vortex under the vortex finder are eliminated, the mutual interference between upflow and downflow in the cylinder is eliminated, and the region of quasi-free vortex in the cone is enlarged. Compared with the conventional cyclone, the novel cyclone has higher collection efficiency and lower pressure drop. (C) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.
Stereoscopic PIV measurements of flow over a riblet surface at high Reynolds number
EXPERIMENTAL THERMAL AND FLUID SCIENCE
Authors: Ozkan, G. M.; Elsinga, G. E.; Breugem, W-P; Stuebing, D.; Reynolds, K. J.; Westerweel, J.
The effect of drag reducing riblets on the flow structure was examined experimentally for a turbulent boundary layer at Re-theta = 9890 and riblet spacing s (+) = 13.4. Trapezoidal riblets were used, which were attached to the water tunnel wall as a coating. Force measurements were performed to quantify the amount of drag reduction. Then, the mechanism underlying this reduction was investigated by stereo-PIV measurements in the cross-stream plane. To determine the effect of the drag reducing riblets, the results were compared with the smooth flat plate. Time-averaged turbulent statistics such as turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stress were found to be lower over the riblets compared to the flat surface. Two-point correlations of the fluctuating velocity components were calculated to elucidate the average flow structure size and strength, where riblets significantly suppressed the turbulent structures. Quadrant analysis of the Reynolds shear stress was performed to assess the change in ejection and sweep events and the results were found to be in correspondence with previous works.