Highly sensitive optoelectrical biosensor for multiplex allergy diagnosis
BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS
Authors: Mas, Salvador; Badran, Ahmed A.; Juarez, Maria-Jose; Fernandez de Rojas, Dolores Hernandez; Morais, Sergi; Maquieira, Angel
Compact multiplexed biosensors systems hold great potential for diagnosis of diseases where the detection of multiple biomarkers is required. Hypersensitivity Immunoglobulin E mediated syndromes are primary immunodeficiency disorders associated with sensitization to allergens. Assessing immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization to allergens is an important strategy for allergy diagnosis. Here, we report for the first time a reliable, flexible and cost-effective optoelectrical biosensor system for the simultaneous determination of total and allergen-specific IgE and IgG, antibodies using an immunogold-silver signal amplification method. The biosensor was constructed on a regular digital versatile disc (DVD) to immobilize a panel of 12 allergen extracts or pure proteins in microarray format, as a proof of concept. The multiplexed biosensor showed a limit of detection of 0.26 IU/mL (624 pg/mL) and 14 ng/mL for IgE and IgG antibodies, respectively. The system was successfully applied in a cohort of 127 human serum samples, showing good sensitivity (97.6%) as well as specificity (85.7%), and an excellent area under the curve (AUC) value was found at 0.977 (confidence interval, CI 0.957 to 0.990) as compared and validated with a reference clinical immunofluorescence assay, confirming an excellent correlation between both techniques. The multiplex biosensor system with on-demand panel composition can be used fully autonomously in clinical or mobile laboratory settings without the need for any additional medical equipment, with which could make it suitable for massive allergy screening campaigns to better define sensitization profiles.
Autoantibodies against specific nuclear antigens are present in psoriatic disease and are diminished by secukinumab
CLINICA CHIMICA ACTA
Authors: Patrikiou, Eleni; Liaskos, Christos; Mavropoulos, Athanasios; Ntavari, Niki; Gkoutzourelas, Athanasios; Simopoulou, Theodora; Fechner, Kai; Scheper, Thomas; Meyer, Wolfgang; Katsiari, Christina G.; Roussaki-Schulze, Aggeliki; Zafiriou, Efterpi; Sakkas, Lazaros, I; Bogdanos, Dimitrios P.
Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) are frequently detected in patients with psoriasis (Ps) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), but their target autoantigens remain unknown. We assessed antibody (ab) reactivity against 23 known nuclear antigens in patients with Ps and PsA and assess the effects of secukinumab (anti-IL17A) treatment on ANA levels. A total of 201 patients, 101 with Ps and 100 with PsA, and 50 ANA-negative healthy controls (HCs) were tested for ANAs by a line immunoassay testing reactivity to 23 nuclear antigens. Ab reactivity to at least 1 antigen was found in 20.4% psoriatic disease patients (25.7% Ps and 15% PsA) compared to 8% HCs (p = ns), the most frequent being against dense fine speckled 70 (DFS70) (6.5%). In Ps and PsA patients with secukinumab-induced remission, anti-DFS70 and other antigen-specific autoantibodies were diminished over time. No decline was noted for IgG abs against antigens from pathogens such as cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and Helicobacter pylori. Autoantibody decrease was associated with significant reduction of plasmablasts, follicular B and follicular T cells. In conclusion, one third of antigen-specific ANA patients with psoriatic disease recognize DFS70. Secukinumab decreases nuclear antigen autoreactivity, plasmablasts, follicular B and follicular T cells, highlighting a new mechanism of its action.