Goat IgG Isotype Control [Alexa Fluor® 647] (DAGIC539)

Goat IgG Isotype Control for FC, ICFC


Host Species
Antibody Isotype
Species Reactivity
Alexa Fluor® 647


Application Notes
*Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.


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The IgE/IgG binding capacity and structural changes of Alaska Pollock parvalbumin glycated with different reducing sugars


Authors: Zhang, Min; Tu, Zong-cai; Liu, Jun; Hu, Yue-ming; Wang, Hui; Mao, Ji-hua; Li, Jin-lin

Parvalbumin (PV) is one of the major allergens in fish. The aim of our present work was to research the influence mechanism of glycation with different reducing sugars (glucose, fructose, ribose, lactose, and galactose) on the immunoglobulin E (IgE) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) binding capacity and structure changes of PV in Alaska Pollock. PV glycated with glucose or fructose (PV-Glu/ PV-Fru) exhibited the higher IgE/IgG binding capacities than that of ribose, galactose, or lactose. During glycation, the lysine (Lyr), tyrosine (Tyr), and phenylalanine (Phe) of PV were gradually embed into core area of three-dimensional structure of protein, which reflected in the ultraviolet (UV) spectrum and fluorescence spectra. Moreover, the increase of surface hydrophobicity had confirmed the conformation alteration of glycated PV. These results suggest that there is a specific association among the change of PV in glycation and in potential allergenicity. The types and conformation of reducing sugar greatly influenced the IgE/IgG binding capacity of PV, and glycation with ribose and galactose was a promising approach for reducing the IgE/IgG binding capacity of PV from Alaska Pollock. Practical applications Parvalbumin (PV), the major allergen of fish, it can not only maintain the physiological activity of cells, but also cross react with human amyloid protein to alleviate Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's syndrome. This study revealed that the IgE/IgG binding capacity and structural changes of PV from Alaska Pollock modified by glycation with different reducing sugars. This will help us to understand the sensitization and structural change of the glycated products after the reaction of PV with different reducing sugars. It provides an effective carbonyl source for the preparation of low antigenicity PV based on glycation and lays a foundation for glycation modification of other food allergens.

Efficacy and safety of iguratimod on patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial


Authors: Shao, Q.; Wang, S.; Jiang, H.; Liu, L.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of iguratimod for the treatment of primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) and explore its possible mechanism of action. Method: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in 66 pSS patients. Patients were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive oral iguratimod for 24 weeks or matching placebo. The primary endpoint was the EULAR Sjogren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI). Secondary endpoints included mental discomfort visual analogue scale (VAS) score, patient global assessment (PGA), EULAR Sjogren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI), Schirmer's test values, unstimulated whole salivary flow, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and immunoglobulin G (IgG). The proportions of B cells in peripheral blood and levels of serum B-cell activating factor (BAFF) were measured at baseline and week 24 in the iguratimod group. All adverse events were recorded during the trial period. Results:ESSPRI improved more in the iguratimod than in the placebo group (p = 0.016). Mental discomfort VAS score, PGA, Schirmer's test, ESR, and IgG also improved more in the iguratimod than in the placebo group (all p < 0.05). Adverse events were reported 13.6% of the iguratimod group. Levels of BAFF and proportions of plasma cells in patients decreased significantly after iguratimod treatment. The proportions of peripheral plasma cells had positive correlations with both serum IgG and BAFF. Conclusion: Iguratimod improved some dryness symptoms and disease activity in pSS patients, and reduced the level of BAFF and percentage of plasma cells over 24 weeks. Iguratimod seems to be an effective and safe treatment for pSS.

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