Commutability Assessment of Candidate External Quality Assessment Materials for Aminotransferase Activity Measurements Based on Different Approaches in China
ANNALS OF LABORATORY MEDICINE
Authors: Long, Qichen; Qi, Tianqi; Zhang, Tianjiao; Wang, Jing; Zeng, Jie; Yan, Ying; Wang, Meng; Huang, Wei; Zhao, Haijian; Chen, Wenxiang; Zhang, Chuanbao
Background: Using commutable external quality assessment (EQA) materials is important for monitoring successful harmonization efforts. We assessed the commutability of four human serum pool (HSP) preparations to identify candidate EQA materials for alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity measurement. Methods: One set each of 85 clinical samples (CSs) was collected for ALT and AST activity measurement. The 15 candidate EQA materials included four types of HSP preparations (A to D): materials A, C, and D contained human original recombinant (HOR) aminotransferases; materials B was mixed leftover samples. The CSs and 15 candidate EQA materials were analyzed using seven routine assays, and the In-transformed results were analyzed in 21 assay pairs. Commutability was assessed using Deming regression, with a 95% prediction interval (CLSI approach) and the difference in bias with an error component model (International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine [IFCC] approach). Results: For ALT, all materials were commutable for 14-21 assay pairs according to the CLSI and IFCC approaches. For AST, B01-03 showed commutability for 14-21 assay pairs, and C01-03 and D01-03 showed commutability for no less than 10 assay pairs according to the two approaches. A01-06 were commutable for 9-16 assay pairs according to the CLSI approach, but for 6-9 assay pairs according to the IFCC approach. Conclusions: Mixed leftover samples showed desirable commutability characteristics as candidate EQA materials for routine aminotransferase activity measurements. Human serum bases supplemented with HOR were commutable for most routine ALT activity measurements.
Angiotensin II Type-1 Receptor Antibodies Are Associated With Active Allograft Dysfunction Following Pediatric Liver Transplantation
Authors: Wozniak, Laura J.; Hickey, Michelle J.; Chan, Alvin P.; Venick, Robert S.; Farmer, Douglas G.; Busuttil, Ronald W.; Reed, Elaine F.; McDiarmid, Sue V.
Background. Angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1R) antibodies have been associated with rejection and allograft loss in solid organ transplantation and may act synergistically with HLA donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Our aims were to assess the prevalence of AT1R antibodies and determine if they were associated with allograft dysfunction in pediatric liver transplant recipients. Methods. We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of HLA DSA and AT1R antibodies in 2 cohorts of pediatric liver transplant recipients: a stable control cohort with normal allograft function (n = 70) who consented to have serum samples collected for research purposes during a routine clinic visit and a cohort with active allograft dysfunction (n = 9) whose serum samples were collected as part of clinical care. Results. AT1R antibodies >17 U/mL were detected in 29% of stable control patients and 89% of patients with active allograft dysfunction (P = 0.001). In stable control patients, AT1R antibodies were associated with younger age at transplant (P = 0.010), younger age at time of sample collection (P < 0.001), shorter interval since transplant (P = 0.090), and presence of HLA DSA (P = 0.003). AT1R antibodies in stable control patients were not associated with rejection or allograft loss. However, AT1R antibodies combined with HLA DSA in patients with active allograft dysfunction were associated with rejection and allograft loss. Conclusions. Our results suggest that AT1R antibodies are more common in patients with active allograft dysfunction and may be a risk factor for worse outcomes. Further research is needed to longitudinally assess the clinical impact of HLA DSA and AT1R antibodies.