Human Influenza A IgA ELISA Kit (DEIA2368)

Regulatory status: For research use only, not for use in diagnostic procedures.

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Size
96T
Sample
serum, plasma
Species Reactivity
Human
Intended Use
This product based on microtiter plate for the detection and quantitative determination of human IgA antibodies against Influenza A in serum and plasma
Contents of Kit
1. Microtiter Strips
2. Calibrator A (Negative Control)
3. Calibrator B (Cut-Off Standard)
4. Calibrator C (Weak Positive Control)
5. Calibrator D (Positive Control)
6. Enzyme Conjugate 15 mL, anti-human-IgM-HRP (rabbit), in protein-containing buffer solution. Addition of 0.01 % methylisothiazolone and 0.01 % bromonitrodioxane and 5 mg/L ProclinTM.
7. Substrate 15 mL, TMB (tetramethylbenzidine).
8. Stop Solution 15 mL, 0.5 M sulfuric acid.
9. Sample Diluent 60 mL, PBS/BSA buffer. Addition of 0.095 % sodium azide.
10. Washing Buffer 60 mL, PBS + Tween 20, 10X concentrate.
Storage
Store at 2-8°C. Do not use past kit expiration date. For more detailed information, please download the following document on our website.
Sensitivity
Clinical Sensitivity: 83%
Analytical Sensitivity: 1.29 U/mL

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References


Hyperactivation of the NLRP3 inflammasome protects mice against influenza A virus infection via IL-1 beta mediated neutrophil recruitment

CYTOKINE

Authors: Niu, Junling; Wu, Shuxian; Chen, Mingkuan; Xu, Ke; Guo, Qiuhong; Lu, Ailing; Zhao, Liping; Sun, Bing; Meng, Guangxun

Host innate immune system is critical for combating invading microbes including Influenza A virus (IAV). As an important arm of the innate immunity, the NLRP3 inflammasome has been found essential for protecting host against IAV challenge, while the mechanism remained elusive. Here we found that mice carrying a gain-of-function mutation in the Nlrp3 gene (Nlrp3(R258W)) are strongly resistant to IAV infection. Upon H1N1 IAV infection, the Nlrp3(R258W) mice exhibited decreased weight loss, increased survival rate and attenuated lung damage compared with WT littermate controls. Mechanistically, the resistance of Nlrp3(R258W) mice to IAV infection was dependent on IL-1 beta-mediated neutrophil recruitment. Upon IAV infection, mice carrying the Nlrp3(R258W) mutation produced more IL-1 beta than WT mice in the lung, which enhanced neutrophil recruitment locally. The recruited neutrophils facilitated IAV clearance, so that the viral load in Nlrp3(R258W) mice was lower than that in control mice. Conversely, neutrophil depletion in Nlrp3(R258w) mice compromised IAV clearance. Taken together, our results demonstrate a previously undescribed mechanism by which hyperactivation of the NLRP3 Inflammasome protects mice from IAV infection through IL-1 beta mediated neutrophil recruitment, thus suggest that positively fine tuning the physiological function of NLRP3 inflammasome can be beneficial for a mammalian host against IAV challenge.

The effects of the Xijiao Dihuang decoction combined with Yinqiao powder on miRNA-mRNA profiles in mice infected with influenza a virus

BMC COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE AND THERAPIES

Authors: Li, Ke; Chen, Xiaoming; Zhong, Jing; Ye, Hehe; Zhang, Shujing; Ge, Dongyu; Wang, Xudan; Wu, Ying

Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in acute inflammatory and antiviral responses during influenza A virus (IAV) infection. The Xijiao Dihuang decoction combined with Yinqiao powder (XDY) is applied to remedy viral pneumonia in China and its therapeutic efficacy in pneumonic mice challenged with IAV was demonstrated; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Thus, this study aimed to explore the miRNA-mRNA profiles in the lungs of IAV-infected mice and investigate the therapeutic mechanisms of XDY involving miRNAs and associated pathways. Methods We detected the cellular miRNA contents in the lungs of mice treated with XDY (23 g/kg/d) for A/FM/1/47 (H1N1) (FM1) infection at 4 days postinoculation (dpi) and 7 dpi. MiRNA and mRNA high-throughput sequencing analyses, and miRNA and mRNA qRT-PCR analyses were used to detect and verify the relevant miRNAs and mRNAs. Conjoint analysis, GO enrichment analysis, and KEGG database analysis were applied to identify the miRNA-mRNA regulatory relationships. Results The quantities of differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were upregulated over time. The data showed that 104 miRNAs and 3485 mRNAs were differentially expressed after challenge with FM1 on day 4, while 191 miRNAs and 6126 mRNAs were differentially expressed on day 7. The GO enrichment analysis and KEGG database data showed that the differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs were mainly enriched in JNK activity, MAPK phosphatase activity, and the TLR, Jak-STAT and TNF signalling pathways after treatment of FM1 infection with XDY. Generally, the expression trends of differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs based on the qRT-PCR results exhibited good consistency with the results of the high-throughput sequencing analysis. Conclusions MiRNAs and mRNAs were differentially expressed during FM1 infection. The therapeutic mechanisms of XDY in FM1-infected mice, might be related to regulating antiviral immunity and ameliorating excessive inflammatory responses by modulating the expression of dysregulated miRNAs and mRNAs involved in the ERK/JNK-AP-1, and IFN-beta/STAT signalling pathways.

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