Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine utilization among adults (18-29 years), BRFSS 2015
Authors: Wiener, R. Constance; Findley, Patricia A.; Shen, Chan; Dwibedi, Nilanjana; Sambamoorthi, Usha
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination acceptance is hampered by fears and conflicting attitudes about the need for and safety of vaccine. There are also ethical dilemmas associated with vaccinating adolescents for a sexually transmitted disease despite future cancer risk. The purpose of this research was to determine HPV vaccination acceptance/hesitancy among young adults. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2015 data were used. During 2015, 83.1% of adults ages 25-29 years did not receive any HPV vaccination; the UOR was 3.47; 95% CI = 2.11, 5.70) compared to adults 18-24 years. There is a need to accelerate public health messaging/campaigns to increase HPV vaccination rates. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Binge drinking, HIV/HPV co-infection risk, and HIV testing: Factors associated with HPV vaccination among young adults in the United States
Authors: Olusanya, O. O.; Wigfall, L. T.; Rossheim, M. E.; Tomar, A.; Barry, A. E.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection. Binge drinkers often engage in HIV/ HPV co-infection high-risk behaviors. We examined the association between binge drinking, HIV/HPV co-infection risk, HIV testing and HPV vaccination among young adults. Data from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey were examined. Participants (N = 430/450,016; 0.11%) were HPV vaccine-eligible young adults ages 18-26 years. Multivariable logistic regression examined the association between binge drinking in the past 30 days, HIV/HPV co-infection high-risk risk behaviors, HIV testing, and HPV vaccination (initiated/completed, unvaccinated) among young adults. Respondents were primarily cisgender (99.8%), non-Hispanic White (41.4%), employed (46.2%) or student (35.4%), and insured (68.2%). Most did not binge drink (55.2%). The majority did not engage in HIV/HPV co-infection high-risk risk behaviors (78.2%). More than one-half had never been tested for HIV (59%) nor vaccinated against HPV (60.6%). Although binge drinkers (44.8%) were significantly more likely to engage in HIV/HPV co-infection high-risk behaviors (OR = 2.1; 95% CI: 1.0-4.5), binge drinking was not positively associated with HIV testing (OR = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.63-1.53). After adjusting for demographics and HIV/HPV co-infection high-risk behaviors, one (aOR = 2.71; 95% CI: 1.11-6.65) and two episodes (aOR = 3.05; 95% CI: 1.26-7.41) of binge drinking in the past 30 days were significantly associated with HPV vaccination uptake. Positive associations between HPV vaccination and participants having an HIV test in 2017 (aOR = 3.86; 95% CI: 1.42-10.55) and before 2017 (aOR = 2.62; 95% CI: 1.23-5.56) were also statistically significant. Because young adult binge drinkers are more likely to engage in HIV/HPV co-infection high-risk behaviors, promoting HPV vaccination and HIV testing are important public health objectives.