Serological diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus infection by novel ELISAs based on recombinant capsid antigens p23 and p18
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY
Authors: Farber, I; Hinderer, W; Rothe, M; Long, D; Sonneborn, HH; Wutzler, P
A new pair of Epstein-Barr virus ELISAs (Biotest Anti-EBV VCA IgG and VCA IgM ELISA) was evaluated for usefulness for routine diagnosis of acute EBV infections. The ELISAs are based on two viral capsid antigens (VCA), p23 (BLRF2, full-length) and p18 (BFRF3, carboxy-half), that are combined by autologous gene fusion. In total, 179 sera were tested in direct comparison with classical VCA immunofluorescence assays (IFA). With the help of clinical data and additional reference serology, i.e., heterophile antibodies, anti-EA IgG (IFA) and anti-EBNA-1 IgG (ELISA), the patients were divided into the following categories: seronegatives (46), acute primary infections (67), previous infections (39), suspected reactivations (20) and constellations with intermediate serological patterns (7). The VCA IgG and VCA IgM ELISAs showed overall agreement to IFA of 95.0% and 94.4%, respectively. The calculated analytical performance (sensitivity; specificity) of VCA IgG and VCA IgM was 94.0%; 97.8% and 97.1%; 96.5%, respectively. A certain delay in seroconversion of anti-p23-p18 IgG may account for a significant difference in sensitivity of the VCA IgG ELISA between primary (88.4%) and previous infections(100%). In summary, the new recombinant VCA ELISAs yielded good correlation to VCA IFA and in combination with EBNA-1 IgG allow rapid, sensitive, and specific diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis or EBV immune status in general. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Increased antibody levels to stage-specific Epstein-Barr virus antigens in systemic autoimmune diseases reveal a common pathology
SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION
Authors: Sternbaek, Louise; Draborg, Anette H.; Osterlund, Mark T.; Iversen, Line V.; Troelsen, Lone; Theander, Elke; Nielsen, Christoffer T.; Jacobsen, Soren; Houen, Gunnar
The immune responses to antigens from different stages of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) life cycle were investigated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Sjogren's syndrome (SS), and systemic sclerosis (SSc) to gain knowledge of EBV's involvement in the etiology of systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs) and for an overview of the humoral immune responses against EBV. Investigations were performed by the use of ELISA. IgM, IgA, and IgG antibody binding to 11 EBV antigens: EBNA1, EBNA2, BALF5, EAD, BALF2, EA/R, VCA p18, VCA p23, gB, gp350, and gp42 were examined in serum pools from SAD patients and healthy controls (HCs). Increased antibody levels against the 11 EBV antigens in the SAD pools were seen compared to the HC pool. Specifically, SLE was characterized by strongly increased IgA to EAD both compared to HCs and other SADs, and RA was characterized by increased IgM levels to several EBV antigens. The SADs may be partly distinguished by their differential immune responses to various antigens in the EBV life cycle. All together, these findings support an association between EBV infection and SADs.