Lymphotropic Viruses EBV, KSHV and HTLV in Latin America: Epidemiology and Associated Malignancies. A Literature-Based Study by the RIAL-CYTED
Authors: Chabay, Paola; Lens, Daniela; Hassan, Rocio; Rodriguez Pinilla, Socorro Maria; Valvert Gamboa, Fabiola; Rivera, Iris; Huaman Garaicoa, Fuad; Maris Ranuncolo, Stella; Barrionuevo, Carlos; Morales Sanchez, Abigail; Scholl, Vanesa; De Matteo, Elena; Preciado, Victoria; Fuentes-Panana, Ezequiel M.
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) are lymphomagenic viruses with region-specific induced morbidity. The RIAL-CYTED aims to increase the knowledge of lymphoma in Latin America (LA), and, as such, we systematically analyzed the literature to better understand our risk for virus-induced lymphoma. We observed that high endemicity regions for certain lymphomas, e.g., Mexico and Peru, have a high incidence of EBV-positive lymphomas of T/NK cell origin. Peru also carries the highest frequency of EBV-positive classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and EBV-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (NOS), than any other LA country. Adult T cell lymphoma is endemic to the North of Brazil and Chile. While only few cases of KSHV-positive lymphomas were found, in spite of the close correlation of Kaposi sarcoma and the prevalence of pathogenic types of KSHV. Both EBV-associated HL and Burkitt lymphoma mainly affect young children, unlike in developed countries, in which adolescents and young adults are the most affected, correlating with an early EBV seroconversion for LA population despite of lack of infectious mononucleosis symptoms. High endemicity of KSHV and HTLV infection was observed among Amerindian populations, with differences between Amazonian and Andean populations.
Haploidentical vs matched unrelated donor transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in remission: A prospective comparative study
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY
Authors: Cho, Byung-Sik; Min, Gi-June; Park, Silvia; Park, Sung-Soo; Shin, Seung-Hwan; Yahng, Seung-Ah; Jeon, Young-Woo; Yoon, Jae-Ho; Lee, Sung-Eun; Eom, Ki-Seong; Kim, Yoo-Jin; Lee, Seok; Min, Chang-Ki; Cho, Seok-Goo; Kim, Dong-Wook; Lee, Jong Wook; Kim, Myungshin; Kim, Yonggoo; Kim, Hee-Je
Despite comparable outcomes of haploidentical transplants (Haplo-HSCT) with HLA-matched unrelated transplants (MUD-HSCT) in retrospective comparisons, few studies have prospectively compared Haplo-HSCT with MUD-HSCT in AML. Here, we prospectively compared the outcomes of Haplo-HSCT with MUD-HSCT for AML in remission (n = 110) to prove non-inferiority of overall survival in Haplo-HSCT. Both groups were well balanced in factors related to biological features of AML and measurable residual disease (MRD) status by Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) assay. A unique, reduced-toxicity preparative regimen was used for Haplo-HSCT, whereas mostly-myeloablative regimen was for MUD-HSCT. Both groups showed similar patterns of neutrophil and platelet recovery, whereas delayed T-cell reconstitution in Haplo-HSCT was found compared with MUD-HSCT. No significant differences were found in acute or chronic graft-vs-host-disease (GVHD) and post-transplant infectious events with an exception of EBV or CMV infection, which occurred more frequently in Haplo-HSCT. After a median follow-up of 47 months, no significant differences in overall survival (65% vs 54%, P = .146), disease-free survival (67% vs 53%, P = .142), relapse (20% vs 21%, P = .858), non-relapse mortality (14% vs 26%, P = .103), or GVHD-free/relapse-free survival (54% vs 41%, P = .138) were observed for Haplo-HSCT vs MUD-HSCT. In multivariate analysis, WT1 expression before transplantation independently predicted relapse, resulting in inferior survival. Separate analysis of unenrolled patients (n = 110) who were excluded or refused to participate in this study showed consistent results with enrolled patients. This prospective study demonstrated the non-inferiority of Haplo-HSCT to MUD-HSCT for AML in remission, and validated the role of WT1 quantification as an MRD marker (ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT01751997).