DKK4 (Human) ELISA Kit (DEIA3334)

Regulatory status: For research use only, not for use in diagnostic procedures.

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cell culture supernatant, plasma, serum, urine
Species Reactivity
Intended Use
DKK4 (Human) ELISA Kit is an in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantitative measurement of human Dkk-4 in serum, plasma, cell culture supernatants and urine.
Contents of Kit
1. Dkk-4 Microplate
2. Wash Buffer Concentrate (20X)
3. Standards
4. Assay Diluent B
5. Detection Antibody Dkk-4
6. HRP-Streptavidin Concentrate
7. TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent
8. Stop Solution
All kit components of this kit are stable at 2-8°C. For more detailed information, please download the following document on our website.
10 pg/mL


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WNT antagonist, SFRP1, is Hedgehog signaling target


Authors: Katoh, Y; Katoh, M

Hedgehog and WNT signaling pathways network together during embryogenesis and carcinogenesis. Hedgehog signaling in intestinal epithelium represses canonical WNT signaling to restrict expression of WNT target genes to stem or progenitor cells; however, the mechanism remains unclear. The Hedgehog signal is transduced to GLI family transcription factors though Patched receptor, Smoothened signal transducer, and other signaling components, such as KIF27, KIF7, STK36, SUFU, and DZIP1. Here, we searched for the GLI-binding site within the promoter region of genes encoding secreted-type WNT signal inhibitors, including SFRP1, SFRP2, SFRP3, SFRP4, SFRP5, DKK1, DKK2, DKK3, DKK4, and WIF1. The GLI-binding site was identified within the human SFRP1 promoter based on bioinformatics and human intelligence. The chimpanzee SFRP1 gene was identified within the NW-110515.1 genome sequence. The GLI-binding site of the human SFRP1 promoter was conserved in chimpanzee SFRP1, mouse Sfrp1, and rat Sfrp1 promoters. SFRP1 is the evolutionarily conserved target of the Hedgehog-GLI signaling pathway. Expression domain analyses based on text mining revealed that Indian Hedgehog (IHH), SFRP1, and WNT6 are expressed in differentiated intestinal epithelial cells, mesenchymal cells, and stem/progenitor cells, respectively. Hedgehog is secreted from differentiated epithelial cells to induce SFRP1 expression in mesenchymal cells, which keeps differentiated epithelial cells away from the effects of canonical WNT signaling. These facts indicate that SFRP1 is the Hedgehog target to confine canonical WNT signaling within stem or progenitor cells. Therefore, epigenetic CpG hypermethylation of the SFRP1 promoter during chronic persistent inflammation and aging leads to the occurrence of gastrointestinal cancers, such as colorectal cancer and gastric cancer, through the breakdown of Hedgehog-dependent WNT signal inhibition.

Transcriptomic changes associated with DKK4 overexpression in pancreatic cancer cells detected by RNA-Seq


Authors: Ouyang, Yongsheng; Pan, Juncheng; Tai, Qiang; Ju, Jingfang; Wang, Huaizhi

The promotion of tumor development by Dickkopf 4 (DKK4) is receiving increased attention. However, the association between DKK4 and pancreatic cancer remains unclear. DKK4 expression was measured in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues using qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. A DKK4-overexpressing pancreatic cancer cell line was established, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that were induced by DKK4 were identified using transcriptome sequencing. The association between the identified DEGs and pancreatic cancer was assessed using gene ontology (GO), pathway analysis, pathway interaction networks, differentially expressed gene interaction network analysis, and co-expression gene networks. Finally, the accuracy of the analyses was validated using serial paraffin and frozen sections of clinical samples. DKK4 is highly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues. DEGs of overexpression DKK4 of PANC-1 are mostly upregulated. GO and pathway analysis showed that DKK4 are associated with tumor and organ development and immune inflammation. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway was the main signal transduction pathway that showed significant enrichment in overexpression DKK4 of PANC-1. The results of GO, pathway analyses, and differentially expressed gene interaction network identified genes that are closely associated with tumor development, including MAPK3, PIK3R3, VAV3, JAG1, and Notch3. The immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence results suggested that DKK4 is co-expressed with MAPK3 and VAV3 in pancreatic cancer tissues. The results presented here show for the first time that DKK4 is highly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues. Bioinformatics analysis of a DKK4-overexpressing of PANC-1 identified several oncogenes that are closely associated with tumors, and the MAPK signaling pathway is the core signal transduction pathway. DKK4 can be co-expressed with MAPK3 and VAV3 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues. Thus, DKK4 may have function on the development and progression of pancreatic cancer.

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