Squamous cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid differentiation or carcinosarcoma of the uterine cervix associated with HPV33 infection: report of a rare case
Authors: Hrudka, Jan; Rosova, Blanka; Halaska, Michael J.
Background Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the uterine cervix with a well-documented link to infection with human papillomaviruses (HPV). According to a recent classification, there are several morphological variants of cervical squamous carcinoma, without reference to sarcomatoid squamous cell carcinoma, which is well described in other organs. Case presentation In this paper, we describe an extremely rare case of a 77-year-old woman with primary malignant cervical tumor displaying biphasic histomorphology with an epithelioid and sarcomatoid part; the latter was immunohistochemistry positive for cytokeratin and vimentin. The association with a high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion and molecular proof of HPV33 infection in the tumor tissue supported our diagnosis of carcinoma with partial sarcomatoid differentiation. Conclusion We report a rare case of a primary cervical epithelial tumor with a partial sarcomatoid phenotype, an unequivocal HPV infection, and an associated precancerous lesion in the cervical mucosa. This is the first description of an HPV33 infection underlying a biphasic epithelioid-sarcomatous tumor of the uterine cervix. The terminology overlap between sarcomatoid carcinoma and carcinosarcoma is also discussed.
Urethroplasty with a bilayered poly-D,L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone scaffold seeded with allogenic mesenchymal stem cells
JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART B-APPLIED BIOMATERIALS
Authors: Yudintceva, Natalia M.; Nashchekina, Yulia A.; Mikhailova, Nataliya A.; Vinogradova, Tatiana I.; Yablonsky, Petr K.; Gorelova, Anna A.; Muraviov, Alexandr N.; Gorelov, Andrey V.; Samusenko, Igor A.; Nikolaev, Boris P.; Yakovleva, Ludmila Y.; Shevtsov, Maxim A.
Reconstructive surgery for urethral defects employing tissue-engineered scaffolds represents an alternative treatment for urethroplasty. The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the bilayer poly-D,L-lactide/poly-epsilon-caprolactone (PL-PC) scaffold seeded with allogenic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for urethra reconstruction in a rabbit model with conventional urethroplasty employing an autologous buccal mucosa graft (BG). The inner layer of the scaffold based on poly-D,L-lactic acid (PL) was seeded with MSCs, while the outer layer, prepared from poly-epsilon-caprolactone, protected the surrounding tissues from urine. To track the MSCs in vivo, the latter were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. In rabbits, a dorsal penile defect was reconstructed employing a BG or a PL-PC graft seeded with nanoparticle-labeled MSCs. In the 12-week follow-up period, no complications were detected. Subsequent histological analysis demonstrated biointegration of the PL-PC graft with surrounding urethral tissues. Less fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in the experimental group as compared with the BG group. Nanoparticle-labeled MSCs were detected in the urothelium and muscular layer, co-localizing with the urothelium cytokeratin marker AE1/AE3, indicating the possibility of MSC differentiation into neo-urothelium. Our results suggest that a bilayer MSCs-seeded scaffold could be efficiently employed for urethroplasty.