Background. Triple progressive thermopreconditioning (3PTP) may induce high Hsp-70 expression to maintain cardiac function. We suggest that 3PTP may reduce myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury during organ transplantation through Bag3/Hsp-70 mediated defense mechanisms. Methods. Male Wistar rats were divided into sham control group and 72 h after 3PTP in a 42 degrees C water bath (3PTP) group. Rats underwent 60 min of ischemia by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 240 min reperfusion. Hemodynamic parameters, including the electrocardiogram, microcirculation, heart rate, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, maximal rate of rise (+dp/dt), and fall (-dp/dt) in the left ventricular pressure for index of contraction and relaxation were determined. Myocardial infarct size was evaluated by the Evans blue-2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride method. 3PTP-induced protective mechanisms were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results. Cardiac I/R depressed cardiac microcirculation, induced S-T segment elevation, and R-R and P-R interval elongation increased infarct size associated with erythrocyte extravasation, leukocytes and macrophage/monocyte infiltration, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 stain, and transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling positive cells. However, 3PTP evoked significant cardioprotection against I/R injury, characterized by the increased +dp/dt value and the decreased elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, erythrocyte extravasation, leukocyte and macrophage/monocyte infiltration, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor expression, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 expression, transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling positive cells, and fragmentation and infarct area. In addition, 3PTP increased Hsp-70 and Bag3 expression and decreased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, but did not affect the Beclin-1 and LC3-II/LC3-I ratio in the heart with I/R injury. Conclusions. 3PTP therapies may through Bag3 upregulation alleviate I/R injury-induced left ventricular structural deterioration and dysfunction.