Anti-Human THBS4 Polyclonal Antibody (DPABH-11848)

Specifications


Host Species
Rabbit
Antibody Isotype
IgG
Species Reactivity
Human
Immunogen
Synthesized peptide derived from human Thrombospondin 4 (Internal)
Conjugate
Unconjugated

Applications


Application Notes
Recommended dilution:
IHC: 1:100-1:300
ELISA: 1:20000
*Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrates the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.

Target


Alternative Names
THBS4; thrombospondin 4; TSP4; thrombospondin-4
Entrez Gene ID
UniProt ID

Citations


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References


Increased coagulation factor XIII activity but not genetic variants of coagulation factors is associated with myocardial infarction in young patients

JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND THROMBOLYSIS

Authors: Ambroziak, M.; Kurylowicz, A.; Budaj, A.

The aim of the study was to investigate the possible role of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) plasma activity and its gene (F13A1) Val34Leu variant as well as thrombospondin-2 gene (THBS2) T/G 3 ' UTR and thrombospondin-4 gene (THBS4) Ala387Pro variants in the development of myocardial infarction (MI) in young patients. The studied group consisted of 158 patients aged < 50 years with MI, and the control groups consisted of 150 healthy people aged < 50 years and 202 patients suffering from MI aged >= 50 years. Factor XIII activity was measured by photometric assay; genetic variants were determined using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. FXIII activity was significantly higher in the young MI group compared with young healthy controls and the MI >= 50 group (126.2 U/dl vs. 109.6 U/dl, p < 0.0001; 126.2 U/dl vs. 119.8 U/dl, p = 0.01, respectively). FXIII activity did not correlate with F13A1 gene variants. F13A1, THBS2 and THBS4 genotypes were equally distributed in all studied groups. There was also no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of the extended CC/TT/GG haplotype of F13A1/THBS2/THBS4 variants between the young MI group and the young healthy control group and between the young MI group and the MI aged >= 50 group. In conclusion, our study revealed that increased FXIII activity is associated with an increased risk of MI in young patients. None of studied single genetic variants-F13A1 Val34Leu, THBS2 T/G 3 ' UTR and THBS4 Ala387Pro-and the extended CC/TT/GG haplotype of F13A1/THBS2/THBS4 genes was associated with MI in young age.

Hippocampal Pruning as a New Theory of Schizophrenia Etiopathogenesis

MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY

Authors: Cocchi, Enrico; Drago, Antonio; Serretti, Alessandro

Pruning in neurons has been suggested to be strongly involved in Schizophrenia's (SKZ) etiopathogenesis in recent biological, imaging, and genetic studies. We investigated the impact of protein-coding genes known to be involved in pruning, collected by a systematic literature research, in shaping the risk for SKZ in a case-control sample of 9,490 subjects (Psychiatric Genomics Consortium). Moreover, their modifications through evolution (humans, chimpanzees, and rats) and subcellular localization (as indicative of their biological function) were also investigated. We also performed a biological pathways (Gene Ontology) analysis. Genetics analyses found four genes (DLG1, NOS1, THBS4, and FADS1) and 17 pathways strongly involved in pruning and SKZ in previous literature findings to be significantly associated with the sample under analysis. The analysis of the subcellular localization found that secreted genes, and so regulatory ones, are the least conserved through evolution and also the most associated with SKZ. Their cell line and regional brain expression analysis found that their areas of primary expression are neuropil and the hippocampus, respectively. At the best of our knowledge, for the first time, we were able to describe the SKZ neurodevelopmental hypothesis starting from a single biological process. We can also hypothesize how alterations in pruning fine regulation and orchestration, strongly related with the evolutionary newest (and so more sensitive) secreted proteins, may be of particular relevance in the hippocampus. This early alteration may lead to a mis-structuration of neural connectivity, resulting in the different brain alteration that characterizes SKZ patients.

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