Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-2 Polymorphism Associates with Recurrent Coronary Event Risk in Patients with High HDL and C-Reactive Protein Levels
Authors: Corsetti, James P.; Salzman, Peter; Ryan, Dan; Moss, Arthur J.; Zareba, Wojciech; Sparks, Charles E.
The objective of this work was to investigate whether fibrinolysis plays a role in establishing recurrent coronary event risk in a previously identified group of postinfarction patients. This group of patients was defined as having concurrently high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and C-reactive protein (CRP) and was previously demonstrated to be at high-risk for recurrent coronary events. Potential risk associations of a genetic polymorphism of plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) were probed as well as potential modulatory effects on such risk of a polymorphism of low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein (LRP-1), a scavenger receptor known to be involved in fibrinolysis in the context of cellular internalization of plasminogen activator/plansminogen activator inhibitor complexes. To this end, Cox multivariable modeling was performed as a function of genetic polymorphisms of PAI-2 (SERPINB, rs6095) and LRP-1 (LRP1, rs1800156) as well as a set of clinical parameters, blood biomarkers, and genetic polymorphisms previously demonstrated to be significantly and independently associated with risk in the study population including cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP, rs708272), p22phox (CYBA, rs4673), and thrombospondin-4 (THBS4, rs1866389). Risk association was demonstrated for the reference allele of the PAI-2 polymorphism (hazard ratio 0.41 per allele, 95% CI 0.20-0.84, p=0.014) along with continued significant risk associations for the p22phox and thrombospondin-4 polymorphisms. Additionally, further analysis revealed interaction of the LRP-1 and PAI-2 polymorphisms in generating differential risk that was illustrated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. We conclude from the study that fibrinolysis likely plays a role in establishing recurrent coronary risk in postinfarction patients with concurrently high levels of HDL-C and CRP as manifested by differential effects on risk by polymorphisms of several genes linked to key actions involved in the fibrinolytic process.
Increased coagulation factor XIII activity but not genetic variants of coagulation factors is associated with myocardial infarction in young patients
JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND THROMBOLYSIS
Authors: Ambroziak, M.; Kurylowicz, A.; Budaj, A.
The aim of the study was to investigate the possible role of coagulation factor XIII (FXIII) plasma activity and its gene (F13A1) Val34Leu variant as well as thrombospondin-2 gene (THBS2) T/G 3 ' UTR and thrombospondin-4 gene (THBS4) Ala387Pro variants in the development of myocardial infarction (MI) in young patients. The studied group consisted of 158 patients aged < 50 years with MI, and the control groups consisted of 150 healthy people aged < 50 years and 202 patients suffering from MI aged >= 50 years. Factor XIII activity was measured by photometric assay; genetic variants were determined using the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. FXIII activity was significantly higher in the young MI group compared with young healthy controls and the MI >= 50 group (126.2 U/dl vs. 109.6 U/dl, p < 0.0001; 126.2 U/dl vs. 119.8 U/dl, p = 0.01, respectively). FXIII activity did not correlate with F13A1 gene variants. F13A1, THBS2 and THBS4 genotypes were equally distributed in all studied groups. There was also no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of the extended CC/TT/GG haplotype of F13A1/THBS2/THBS4 variants between the young MI group and the young healthy control group and between the young MI group and the MI aged >= 50 group. In conclusion, our study revealed that increased FXIII activity is associated with an increased risk of MI in young patients. None of studied single genetic variants-F13A1 Val34Leu, THBS2 T/G 3 ' UTR and THBS4 Ala387Pro-and the extended CC/TT/GG haplotype of F13A1/THBS2/THBS4 genes was associated with MI in young age.