CGB5 (Chorionic Gonadotropin Beta Subunit 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with CGB5 include gestational trophoblastic tumor and invasive mole. Among its related pathways are Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification and Peptide hormone metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include hormone activity. An important paralog of this gene is TSHB. This gene is a member of the glycoprotein hormone beta chain family and encodes the beta 5 subunit of chorionic gonadotropin (CG). Glycoprotein hormones are heterodimers consisting of a common alpha subunit and an unique beta subunit which confers biological specificity. CG is produced by the trophoblastic cells of the placenta and stimulates the ovaries to synthesize the steroids that are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. The beta subunit of CG is encoded by 6 genes which are arranged in tandem and inverted pairs on chromosome 19q13. 3 and contiguous with the luteinizing hormone beta subunit gene.
This gene encodes a common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen that is an important cell surface marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This protein is present on leukemic cells of pre-B phenotype, which represent 85% of cases of ALL. This protein is not restricted to leukemic cells, however, and is found on a variety of normal tissues. It is a glycoprotein that is particularly abundant in kidney, where it is present on the brush border of proximal tubules and on glomerular epithelium. The protein is a neutral endopeptidase that cleaves peptides at the amino side of hydrophobic residues and inactivates several peptide hormones including glucagon, enkephalins, substance P, neurotensin, oxytocin, and bradykinin. This gene, which encodes a 100-kD type II transmembrane glycoprotein, exists in a single copy of greater than 45 kb. The 5 untranslated region of this gene is alternatively spliced, resulting in four separate mRNA transcripts. The coding region is not affected by alternative splicing. Stimulates the ovaries to synthesize the steroids that are essential for the maintenance of pregnancy.
Glycoprotein hormones, organism-specific biosystem; Metabolism, organism-specific biosystem; Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives, organism-specific biosystem; Peptide hormone biosynthesis, organism-specific biosystem.