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Glyphosate ELISA Kit

show all "Glyphosate ELISA Kit "
  • Product Name
  • Glyphosate ELISA Kit

  • Cat.No.
  • DEIA6865
  • Pkg#Size
  • 96T
  • Intended use
  • The Glyphosate ELISA Kit is an immunoassay for the detection and quantitation of glyphosate in water (groundwater, surface water, well water). For soil, crop, and food use contact the company for application bulletins and/or specific matrix validation gui
  • General Description
  • Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide used to kill weeds, especially annual broadleaf weeds and grasses known to compete with commercial crops grown around the globe. It was discovered to be a herbicide by Monsanto chemist John E. Franz in 1970. Monsanto brought it to market in the 1970s under the trade name Roundup, and Monsanto's last commercially relevant United States patent expired in 2000.
  • Principle Of The Test
  • The Glyphosate ELISA Kit applies the principles of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to the determination of glyphosate. The sample to be tested is derivatized and then added, along with an antibody specific for Glyphosate to microtiter wells coated with Goat Anti-Rabbit Antibody and incubated for 30 minutes. The glyphosate enzyme conjugate is then added. At this point a competitive reaction occurs between the glyphosate, which may be in the sample, and the enzyme labeled glyphosate analog for the antibody binding sites on the microtiter well. The reaction is allowed to continue for sixty (60) minutes. After a washing step and addition of a substrate (color solution), a color signal (blue color) is generated. The presence of glyphosate is detected by adding the “Color Solution”, which contains the enzyme substrate (hydrogen peroxide) and the chromogen (3,3',5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine). The enzyme-labeled glyphosate bound to the glyphosate antibody catalyzes the conversion of the substrate/chromogen mixture to a colored product. After an incubation period, the reaction is stopped and stabilized by the addition of a diluted acid (Stopping Solution). Since the labeled glyphosate (conjugate) was in competition with the unlabeled glyphosate (sample) for the antibody sites, the color developed is inversely proportional to the concentration of glyphosate in the sample.
  • Reagents And Materials Provided
  • 1. Microtiter Plate coated with Goat-Anti Rabbit Antibody
    96 test kit: 8 X 12 strips
    2. Glyphosate Antibody Solution
    Glyphosate antibody (rabbit anti-glyphosate) solution in a buffered saline solution with a non-mercury preservative and stabilizers.
    96 test kit: one 6 mL vial
    3. Glyphosate Enzyme Conjugate Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeled glyphosate analog diluted in a buffered solution with a nonmercury preservative and stabilizers.
    96 test kit: one 6 mL vial
    4. Glyphosate Standards
    Six concentrations (0, 0.075, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 4.0 ppb) of glyphosate standards in distilled water with a non-mercury preservative and stabilizers.
    96 test kit: one 2 mL vial each
    5. Control
    A concentration (approximately 0.75 ppb) of glyphosate in distilled water with a non- mercury preservative and stabilizers.
    96 test kit: one 2 mL vial
    6. Diluent/Zero Standard (Sample Diluent) Distilled water with a non-mercury preservative and stabilizers without any detectable glyphosate.
    96 test kit: one 30 mL vial
    7. Color Solution
    A solution of hydrogen peroxide and 3,3',5,5’- tetramethylbenzidine in an organic base.
    96 test kit: one 16 mL vial
    8. Stopping Solution
    A solution of diluted acid.
    96 test kit: one 12 mL vial
    9. Washing Buffer 5X Concentrate
    Buffer salts with detergent and a non- mercury preservative.
    96 test kit: one 100 mL vial
    10. Assay Buffer
    Dissolved buffer salts.
    96 test kit: one 125 mL vial
    11. Derivatization Reagent
    96 test kit: three 100 μL vials
    12. Derivatization Reagent Diluent
    Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO):
    96 test kit: three 4 mL vials
  • Materials Required But Not Supplied
  • In addition to the reagents provided, the following items are essential for the performance of the test:
    Pipets* Precision pipets capable of delivering 50, 100, 150, 250 μL A 1.0 mL repeating pipet Disposable 5 mL pipette
    Parafilm
    Disposable Test Tubes
    Distilled or deionized Water
    Vortex Mixer* Thermolyne Maxi Mix, Scientific Industries Vortex Genie, or equivalent
    Plate Reader* capable of readings at 450 nm
  • Storage
  • Store all reagents at 2-8°C. Do not freeze. Reagents may be used until the expiration date on the box, except for derivatization reagent (use the same day as diluted). The Washing Solution requires no special storage condition and may be stored separately from the reagents to conserve refrigerator space.
    Consult state, local and federal regulations for proper disposal of all reagents.
  • Specimen Collection And Handling
  • This procedure is recommended for use with water samples. Other samples may require modifications to the procedure and should be thoroughly validated. Samples containing gross particulate matter should be filtered to remove particles.
    Samples which have been preserved with monochloroacetic acid or other acids, should be neutralized with strong base, e.g. 6N NaOH, prior to assay. If the glyphosate concentration of a sample exceeds 4 ppb, the sample is subject to repeat testing using a diluted sample. A ten-fold or greater dilution of the sample is recommended with an appropriate amount of Diluent/Zero Standard or Sample Diluent. For example, in a separate test tube make a ten-fold dilution byadding 100 μL of the sample to 900 μL of Diluent/Zero Standard. Mix thoroughly before assaying. Perform the assay according to the Assay Procedure and obtain final results by multiplying the value obtain by the dilution factor e.g. 10. The presence of the following substances up to 10,000 ppm were found to have no significant effect on the Glyphosate Assay results: nitrate, phosphate, sulfate, sodium fluoride, calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, iron and sodium thiosulfate. Manganese up to 100 ppm. Humic acid up to 10 ppm. Sodium chloride up to 1.0 M. Solvents usually used to extract pesticides from soil or plant matrices such as methanol and acetone were found to be acceptable for use in the Glyphosate Plate immunoassay up to 100%.
  • Plate Preparation
  • St 0-St 5: Standards
    C: Control sample
    S1-Sx: Samples
    Figure 1.
  • Reagent Preparation
  • All reagents must be allowed to come to room temperature.

    Wash Buffer

    In a 1000 mL container, dilute the wash buffer concentrate 1:5 by the addition of deionized or distilled water (i.e. 100 mL of wash buffer 5X concentrate plus 400 mL of water. Derivatization of Standards, Control, and Samples.
    1. Dilute Derivatization Reagent with 3.5 mL of Derivatization Reagent Diluent (Diluted Reagent needs to be used within the same day). Mixed thoroughly.
    2. Label single test tubes for standards, control, and samples.
    3. Pipette 250 μL of standard, control, sample(s) into separate disposable tubes.
    4. Add 1.0 mL of Assay buffer, vortex to mix.
    5. Add 100 μL of the diluted derivatization reagent, vortex each tube immediately after addition of reagent until no swirling lines are present.
    6. Incubate at room temperature for 10 minutes.
    7. Perform the ELISA as in Assay Procedure, start with step 1 of Assay procedure.
  • Assay Steps
  • 1. Add 50 μL of the appropriate derivatized standard, control, or sample. We recommend using duplicates or triplicates.
    2. Add 50 μL of the anti-Glyphosate antibody solution successively to each well. .) Cover the wells with parafilm or tape and mix the contents by moving the strip holder in a circular motion on the benchtop. Be careful not to spill the contents. Incubate at room temperature for 30 minutes.
    3. After the incubation, remove the covering and add 50 μl of enzyme conjugate solution to the individual wells successively. Cover the wells with parafilm or tape and mix the contents by moving the strip holder in a circular motion on the benchtop. Be careful not to spill the contents. Incubate at room temperature for 60 minutes.
    4. After the incubation, remove the covering and vigorously shake the contents of the wells into a waste container. Wash the strips 3 times using the 1X wash solution with a volume of at least 250 μL per each wash step. Any remaining buffer in the wells should be removed by patting the plate on a dry stack of paper towels.
    5. Add 150 μL of color solution successively to each well. Incubate for 20-30 minutes.
    6. Add 100 μL of Stopping Solution to each well in the same sequence as for the other reagents.
    7. Read absorbance using a microplate reader at 450 nm within 15 minutes after adding the Stopping Solution.
  • Quality Control
  • A control solution at approximately 0.75 ppb of Glyphosate is provided with the Glyphosate Plate Assay kit. It is recommended that it be included in every run and treated in the same manner as unknown samples. Acceptable limits should be established by each laboratory.
  • Calculation
  • 1. Calculate the mean absorbance value for each of the standards.
    2. Calculate the %B/Bo for each standard by dividing the mean absorbance value for the standard by the mean absorbance value for the Diluent/Zero Standard.
    3. Construct a standard curve by plotting the %B/Bo for each standard on vertical linear (Y) axis versus the corresponding glyphosate concentration on horizontal log (X) axis on the graph paper provided. The analysis can also be performed using a a Log/Logit or 4- Parameter data calculation programs.
    4. %B/Bo for controls and samples will then yield levels in ppb of glyphosate by interpolation using the standard curve.
    NOTE: Any results obtained with a calculated glyphosate concentration of less than 0.05 ppb should be assumed to be below the detection limit of the assay.
  • Sensitivity
  • The Kit has an estimated minimum detectable concentration based on a 90% B/Bo of 0.05 parts per billion (ppb).
  • Specificity
  • The cross-reactivity of the Kit for various related analogues can be expressed as the least detectable dose (LDD) which is estimated at 90% B/Bo, or as the dose required for 50% absorbance inhibition (50% B/Bo).
    Table 1.
  • Recovery
  • Five (5) groundwater samples were spiked with various levels of glyphosate and then assayed using the Glyphosate Kit. The following results were obtained:
    Table 2.
  • Reproducibility
  • Intra-assay precision:4.1%-12.2%
    Inter-assay precision:8.0%-16.9%
  • Precautions
  • As with all immunoassays, a consistent technique is the key to optimal performance. To obtain the greatest precision, be sure to treat each well in an identical manner.
    Add reagents directly to the bottom of the well while avoiding contact between the reagents and the pipet tip. This will help assure consistent quantities of reagent in the test mixture.
    Avoid cross-contaminations and carryover of reagents by using clean pipets for each sample addition and by avoiding contact between reagent droplets on the wells and pipet tips.
    Avoid foam formation during vortexing.
    The microtiter plate consists of 12 strips of 8 wells, when you use fewer than 8 strips, remove the unneeded strips and store them refrigerated in the re-sealable bag (with desiccant) provided.
    If more than three strips are being used per run, it is recommended that a multi-channel pipette be used for the addition of antibody, conjugate, color, and stopping solution.
    Do not use any reagents beyond their stated shelf life.
    Do not use the diluted derivatization reagent after 8 hours from dilution.
    Avoid contact of Stopping Solution (diluted sulfuric acid) with skin and mucous membranes. If this reagent comes in contact with skin, wash with water.
  • Limitations
  • The Kit will detect glyphosate. Refer to specificity table for data on several of related compounds. The kit provides screening results. As with any analytical technique (GC, HPLC, etc...) positive results requiring some action should be confirmed by an alternative method.
    • Download Datasheet:
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